Zeta
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Collateral Framework
Zeta currently only accepts USDC as collateral. So users can only deposit and withdraw USDC from the system. All trades are settled and margined in USDC.
The following specifications are used in the margin system:
Framework Element
Specification
Account Balance (AB)
USDC deposited in account.
Changes on deposit, withdrawal, position close and settlement
Unrealized PnL (UP)
Profit and loss from existing open positions
Initial Margin (IM)
Margin level required to open new orders
Maintenance Margin (MM)
Margin level required to maintain positions before liquidation
When a user places an order that adds to their existing position the initial margin requirements are checked. This is done to ensure that opening the position will not push the user into a state of bankruptcy - if this condition is violated users will (1) not be able to place an order, and (2) their existing open orders will be cancelled trustlessly. (3) Liquidators, when taking over a position must also pass this check:
AB+UPβˆ’IM+min(0,IPnL)>0AB + UP - IM +min(0, IPnL) > 0
where:
  • AB = Account Balance
  • UP = Unrealized PnL
  • IM = Initial Margin x (Opening Orders + Positions)
  • IPnL = instantaneous PnL from execution
When a user places an order that closes an existing position the maintenance margin requirements (including open orders) are checked. This is done to ensure that the user has sufficient funds in their account to place an order and is not currently being liquidated.
AB+UPβˆ’MM(O)+min(0,IPnL)>0AB + UP - MM(O) +min(0, IPnL) > 0
where:
  • AB = Account Balance
  • UP = Unrealized PnL
  • MM (including open orders) = Maintenance Margin x (Opening Orders + Positions)
  • IPnL = instantaneous PnL from execution
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The margin system also monitors a user's existing positions and orders to ensure that the user does not enter a state of bankruptcy:
AB+UPβˆ’MM>0AB + UP - MM > 0
​
  • AB = Account Balance
  • UP = Unrealized PnL
  • MM = Maintenance Margin x (Positions)
User withdrawals are also considered by the Zeta margin system ensuring that a withdrawal does not push a user into bankruptcy. As such withdrawals are limited to:
AB+min(0,UPnL)βˆ’IMAB + min(0, UPnL) - IM
  • AB = Account Balance
  • UP = Unrealized PnL
  • IM = Initial Margin x (Opening Orders + Positions)
Orders that close a position are not charged margin.
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